How To Visit The Mayan Ruins Of Tulum In Mexico

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Tulum Ruins at Sunrise

Mayan Ruins of Tulum

Tulum, Mexico

You can’t visit Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula without seeing the Mayan Ruins of Tulum. Here are some useful tips to beat the crowds at this famous archaeological site.

Ah, Tulum. This ancient walled city perched on the edge of a cliff in Quintana Roo overlooking the Caribbean ocean is quite a sight to see in person.

Because I based myself in Mexico for 2 years, I’ve seen these ruins at least 5 different times.

Tulum’s original Maya name, Zamá translates as “place of the dawning sun.” This is because it has a perfect view of the rising sun!

The city was a major trading and religious centre between the 11th and 16th centuries, and is one of the coolest Mayan archaeological sites in Mexico.

It’s located about 128 km south of Cancun, or 62 km south of Playa del Carmen along the popular Mayan Riviera.

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Tulum Ruins Structure 45

Temple Of The Wind

Tulum Pyramid Castle

El Castillo Pyramid

History Of Tulum Ruins

Tulum was built to be a seaport fortress, with steep ocean cliffs providing protection from the East, and a large limestone wall enclosing the rest of the city on three sides.

The population of Tulum was once 1,600 people, and acted as an important trading center for the Mayan world.

Goods like turquoise, jade, cotton, food, copper bells, axes, and cacao beans were traded here.

Tulum Ruins Mexico Entrance

Entrance Into the Walled City

Mexico's Mayan Ruins of Tulum

House of the Halach Uinic

Mayan Archaeological Site

The old stone structures that make up this archaeological site are surrounded by leaning palm trees, delicate cactus flowers, steep rocky cliffs, and a population of large sun-tanning iguanas.

So while the ruins of Tulum can be flooded with tourists during the middle of the day, it’s sometimes possible to find a quiet corner and enjoy Mexico’s natural beauty & fascinating history.

At one time you could climb the pyramids, but that’s no longer the case.

Tulum is quite different from other Mayan sites in that the ruins are situated on 12-meter (39 ft) cliffs overlooking the ocean. It’s very picturesque.

Mayan Ruins of Tulum

Mayan Ruins at Sunrise

Important Structures In Tulum

El Castillo (the Castle) is Tulum’s main pyramid, and was used as an ancient lighthouse. Two small windows at the top allowed sailors to navigate the bay at dusk.

If merchant boat captains could see daylight through both windows as they sailed in, they wouldn’t crash into the reef hiding just below the water.

The Temple of the Frescoes, located in front of El Castillo, is the best preserved building at the site. Peer inside to see an actual mural with colored paint still intact!

The House of the Columns is a large, complex building with 4 rooms and a series of large columns for holding up the roof.

Each Mayan city was ruled by a halach uinic who served as high-priest. The House of the Halach Uinic in Tulum is also well preserved.

Iguana at Tulum Ruins in Mexico

Sun-Tanning Iguana

Tulum Ruins Beach

Wooden Stairs Lead to Tulum’s Beach

Swimming At Tulum’s Secret Beach

Below the main structure is a secluded beach that you can actually swim at while you’re visiting the site. Make sure to bring your swimsuit!

Swimming under the old ruined fortress, perched on the cliff above you, is a pretty cool experience. The beach can get crowded fast though — again I recommend being there as early as possible (or later before it closes).

The beach opens around 10 am, as long as the surf isn’t too strong. When walking down the wooden staircase, keep an eye out for the many iguanas who call these cliffs home.

Mayan Ruins with Tourists

Lots of Tourists Show Up After 10am

When To Visit The Ruins

Visiting the Mayan ruins of Tulum during the day can be a bit hectic. It’s a very popular attraction in Mexico.

During the day, there are hundreds of other tourists milling about.

If you arrive early enough, around 8am, you’ll get a much more “magical” experience. At least for the first hour or two of exploring. Another good time to visit is an hour before they close at 5pm.

Set aside at least one hour to visit the ruins, maybe 2 hours if you want to go swimming. It’s not that big compared to some other Maya archaeological sites like Coba or Chichen Itza.

Mayan Ruins of Tulum

Structures Made Of White Limestone

Orange Flower at Tulum Ruins

Colorful Flowers Growing Among the Ruins

Getting To Tulum

There are technically three “Tulum’s”, so descriptions can get confusing sometimes. There is Tulum Beach, Tulum Town, and the Tulum Ruins. The ruins are about 3km from the city center of Tulum Town.

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It’s easy to follow the 307 Highway straight to the ruins from Cancun (1 hr 45 min) or Playa del Carmen (45 min). Parking costs about 100 pesos ($5 USD).

By Bus

There are regular ADO buses from Playa del Carmen to Tulum that cost about 80 pesos ($4 USD) one way. Some stop directly at the ruins, others stop at the bus station in Tulum town.


The cheapest way to visit Tulum is to take a colectivo (group taxi) from the colectivo stand located on Calle 2 Norte between Avenida 15 and 20 in Playa del Carmen. It takes about 45 minutes to reach the ruins and costs approximately 60 pesos ($3 USD per person).

By Taxi

Taking a taxi directly from Playa del Carmen to Tulum is going to cost about 600 pesos ($30 USD) one way. If you have a small group of 3-4 people to share, it’s not that bad.

Group Tours Around Tulum

If you’re the type of person who prefers joining a tour, there are group tours that visit Tulum, some of which begin in Cancun.

Tulum Ruins Frescos Structure

Temple of the Frescos

Where To Stay In Tulum

Tulum is split up into two different areas — the city center, and the beach. The entrance to Tulum Archaeological Site is closest to the city center. However all the beautiful resorts are a 5-10 minute drive away on the beach.

If you’re wondering where to stay in Mexico near the Tulum Ruins, here are my recommendations:

Tulum Budget Hotel
Tubo Tulum Hostel
Relaxing backpacker hostel with cheap bike rentals. Between town and beach.

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Tulum Budget Hotel
Itour Mexico Tulum
Located in town with free bike rentals and easy access to the ruins.

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Tulum Mid-Range Hotel
Azucar Hotel Tulum
Fun place right on the beach! Basic, but great value for Tulum.

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Tulum Luxury Hotel
Nomade Tulum
Beautiful eco-resort right on the beach. Romantic place for couples.

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Temple of The Wind at Tulum

Tips for Visiting the Tulum Ruins

Tulum Ruins Travel Tips

  • Arrive at the ruins 15 minutes before they open at 8am to beat the horde of tourist buses that show up around 10am. Late afternoon can be good too.
  • Tulum’s ruins are open Monday through Sunday from 8am to 5pm. Entrance is free on Sundays for Mexican citizens and residents (so it’s PACKED).
  • Ignore the ticket/information booths near the parking lot. Simply walk down the road about half a mile until you reach the real entrance, and buy your tickets there.
  • Remember to bring your bathing suit if you want to swim or sunbathe on the beach at the base of the cliffs. The beach opens around 10am.
  • It costs an extra $4 if you want to shoot video at the site, but if you tell them you’re only taking photos you should be fine.
  • The ruins don’t have a ton of shade areas, so a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen are recommended. It gets HOT!
  • Bring plenty of water to stay hydrated! I’m a big fan of this eco-friendly filtered water bottle.

Traveling To Mexico Soon?

Don’t forget travel insurance! I’m a big fan of World Nomads for short-term trips. Protect yourself from possible injury & theft abroad. Read more about why you should always carry travel insurance here.

Location: Tulum, Mexico
Cost: 70 Pesos ($3.50 USD)
Hours: 8am – 5pm
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Book A Hotel: My tips for booking affordable accommodation
Protect Your Stuff: can insure your trip & gear
Recommended Guidebook: Lonely Planet Cancun, Cozumel & Yucatan
Suggested Reading: The Jungle Of Stone

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Tips for visiting the Mayan ruins of Tulum in Mexico. More at
Tips for visiting the Mayan ruins of Tulum in Mexico. More at

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