Climbing The Ancient Mayan Ruins Of Coba

Coba Ruins Mexico

The Ancient Mayan Ruins of Coba

Coba, Mexico

From the top of Coba’s ancient pyramid, the jungle looks like a living green carpet. The Mayan Ruins of Coba are one of my favorite archaeological sites in Mexico’s Yucatan.

Archaeologists believe the Mayan ruins of Coba were an incredibly important city for the Maya people. However, due to its remote location, the site is not as popular with tourists as other ruins in Mexico.

But there are many reasons to visit the city of white roads.

Because Coba doesn’t see as much tourism as places like Chichen Itza or Tulum, so you can actually still climb some of the structures for a totally different and unique perspective.

Coba Ruins Church

Coba Ruins Bike

Coba Ruins Trees

Exploring Mayan Ruins Of Coba

Coba’s claim to fame is the largest network of stone causeways in the ancient Mayan world, called sacbes (white roads). Over 50 of these roads have been discovered at the site, with 16 of them open to the public.

The raised stone pathways connect clusters of residential areas to the main pyramid area of Nohoch Mul and small lakes used as a water supply nearby. There are three ways to explore the ruins along these roads.

You can walk, hire a bici taxi, or my personal favorite, rent a bicycle.

Mysteriously no one really knows how the Maya transported goods along these roads. While scientists believe the Maya knew about the existence of the wheel, there’s no evidence they actually used them.

One of my favorite reasons to visit Coba is that it isn’t as excavated as other sites, so you feel like you’re wandering through a forest, with many structures still covered in trees.

Coba Ruins Pyramid

Coba Ruins Pyramid

Climbing The Pyramid

The largest pyramid at Coba is called Ixmoja, part of the Nohoch Mul group of buildings. The pyramid is 42 meters (138 feet) tall and was the heart of the city. Unlike other Maya sites, you can still climb this one, if you dare!

The 120 stone steps are much steeper than they look…

This is why there’s a thick rope in the middle for safety. But the view from the top is totally worth the climb. A light breeze cools you off from the summit while gazing at the lush jungle landscape stretching out in all directions.

Plus, there aren’t many places where you can climb a Mayan pyramid anymore. As a site gets more popular and tourism increases, authorities eventually restrict climbing to preserve structures and reduce accidents.

Be careful climbing down the pyramid, it’s more difficult than going up!

Coba Structures Mexico

Coba Trails

Painting Complex Coba

History Of Coba

Coba is estimated to have had a population of over 50,000 at its peak. There are many tall stone carved monuments at the complex, called stelae. Some stelae here depict women, suggesting the city had many female rulers.

There are two well-preserved ball courts on the site too, used for playing ōllamaliztli, a traditional Mayan ballgame.

Specific rules differ depending on the time period, but basically players attempted to bounce a heavy rubber ball through stone rings using their hips.

Sometimes the captain of the winning team was ritually sacrificed to the gods.

The Mayan City of Coba was first inhabited around 100 AD and was eventually abandoned when the Spanish conquered the peninsula around 1550 AD. However the city was once the most powerful in the region, controlling farmland, trading routes, and important water sources.

Coba Cenote Mexico

Coba Cenote Swimming

Swimming In Cenotes

Speaking of water sources, no visit to Coba would be complete without taking a dip in the refreshing limestone cenotes nearby. Cenotes are underground sinkholes filled with fresh water, found all over the Yucatan.

There are 3 cenotes just a 10-minute drive away from the ruins.

Cenote Choo-Ha is a shallow water cenote with crystal blue water and many stalagmites hanging from the ceiling. My personal favorite of the three.

Cenote Tamcach-Ha is a deep underground cavern with two fun jumping platforms at 5 & 10 meters (15 & 30 feet) high. Cenote Multun-Ha is a bit further away in the jungle and boasts a large wooden deck.

The entrance fee for each cenote is 55 pesos ($3 USD). They are a wonderful way to cool off after a hot day exploring the Mayan ruins of Coba!

Motorcycle Road Trip Coba

Motorcycle Road Trip Coba

Tips For Visiting Coba

The ruins of Coba are about 44 kilometers (28 miles) from Tulum, or 109 kilometers (68 miles) from Playa del Carmen. For the budget minded, you can get to the site via ADO Bus from Cancun, Playa del Carmen, or Tulum. Colectivos (public taxi vans) are also an option, however you’ll have to change vans in Tulum.

Renting a car is the most flexible and allows you to visit cenotes.

Or, if you’re a fan of motorcycles, you can rent a Harley Davidson in Playa del Carmen like I did with my friends Evelina from Earth Wanderess & Jeremy from The World Or Bust. The road is an easy and smooth ride.

At the ruins, you can hire a guide to explain the history, or just wander on your own. Renting an old bicycle for 45 pesos and riding around enables you to see the most in the shortest period of time.

Whatever you decide, remember to bring sunscreen & water because it can get hot! Plus sturdy shoes if you plan to climb the main pyramid. ★

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More Information

Location: Coba, Mexico
Total Cost: 65 pesos ($4 USD) entry fee
Motorcycle Rental: Harley Adventures
Useful Notes: It gets hot during the day at Coba, so visiting early morning or late afternoon is best. Less people too. You can explore on foot but I highly recommend renting a bicycle. The complex is very large!
Recommended Guidebook: Lonely Planet Yucatan
Suggested Reading: The Maya: Ancient Peoples & Places

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The Mayan Ruins Of Coba. More at
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READ NEXT: Things To Do In Playa Del Carmen

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  1. Do they rent bikes for kids to cruise the ruins? We have a 4 year old and 7 year old. Our older child can ride an adult bike, but the younger would need a smaller frame.

  2. Nice article. We really wanted to go to Coba after reading this article but ended up missing it due to kind of poor planning. We went to Ek’ Balam which is bit of unique looking and you can climb the ruins as well.

  3. How long approximately would it take to climb to top of coba if you are in reasonable good health. I am thinking of taking tour with my wife and they said you have abut 45 minutes of free time there.

  4. Beautiful pictures! Coba is one of the most outstanding maya city in Quintana Roo state, definately one of my favorite!
    Tip: Paying an extra fee, you can access the site before (6-8am) or after (5-7pm) the regular opening time (8:30am-5pm).
    In Coba you will have a chance to enjoy both sunrise and sunset with a stunning view over the jungle

    Thanks! Saludos!

  5. Great article, captures the essence of a day trip. Our guide said they sacrificed the ball game winners not the losers. To give the gods the losers would be an insult. We did both Coba and Xel-Ha snorkeling etc in the same day. I would recommend them.

  6. This was a very useful site for my preparation to visit Coba. Thank you. We were staying in Playa Del Carmen. We wanted to good to a place a bit more rustic and less manicured.
    We rented a car, 2 kids, Wife, Aunt, and GrandMother. The site was lovely and a great experience for everyone. We tried to get there as early as possible to catch the animal that like to feed in the area early in the morning when it was cooler.
    It’s a good idea to wear sensible walking shoes if you plan to walk to and up the pyramid. It was an exhilarating experience.

  7. One of the many really nice things about Playa, is that it ISNT ruined by excessive noise from jets overhead, or poorly muffled motorcycles, like most Harleys are, for instance. Harleys ruin the peace wherever they go (Listen to me!!!! Look at me!!!!) and I really feel that they have a needlessly negative impact wherever people show up on them. Bikes – for sure – noisy Harleys – not cool IMHO. Happy, and peaceful, travels.

  8. Great post! Are there limited hours of operation and entrance fees required? We are looking for a cool spot for night photography. Also, is it safe at night?

  9. Matt: I figured you got comped on the motorcycles but what is the day rate for one there? When I went there and visited the ruins I wished I had some kind of transport myself, as I just hired a taxi driver for the day to take me to the ones I wanted to see. It was about $40 and I picked 3-4 cenotes and ruins.

    Or even better a moped, which I assume will be cheaper. Loved doing that while in India because I could get a moped with fuel for about $5-$7 USD per-day.

    1. The Sportster Jeremy is riding was $95 per day. But if you just want transportation on a budget, you can rent a small car down here with insurance for about $30 per day through Orbitz. I think mopeds cost like $25 a day, but they’re better for around town. Generally not fast enough for the highway.

  10. Matthew, that’s a nice post about this amazing location. Cobá is worth to visit if you are doing vacation at the Mayan riviera. I’ve been there a couple of years before and saw that many people had problems to get down again. Good shows are recommended. Other pyramids to climb can be found in Ek Balam, north of Valladolid and in Toniná in Chiapas. And some of the pyramids in Tikal (on wooden stairs at the side) and Palenque are open to climb up as well.

  11. Wow!!! This one is surely in my Bucket list for this year. The way you have put the post makes me go there this moment. And the images are so gorgeous and eye pleasing. From the images I feel climbing the Pyramid won’t be troublesome, descending from the same route would be a humongous task.

  12. What a great adventure, we did these ruins years ago! It would be something to see if things have changed at Coba. In your photos everything looks the same. Travel on!

  13. I remember learning about Coba in school. Glad to see you can still climb it. I’ll have to check it out next time I’m in Mexico. Nice article and photos as usual!

  14. This is great – I love the photos! I’m excited to visit my first Mayan ruins this year – Tikal. I figure its a great place to start. Those cenotes though, WOW.

  15. I love the first photo-the sky is SO blue!! Great video, too! Is this where you took Lindsay and Jake on their Adventure Day?

  16. That looks amazing, I didn’t realize that it was forbidden to climb the other pyramids in the more popular destinations. Coba looks like a beautiful abandoned city, it seems easy to imagine it as a once bustling Mayan hub.

      1. Until I asked Matt on FB, I had thought it was closed. Was there in 2008 and was told that was the last year they would allow it.