Climbing The Ancient Mayan Ruins Of Coba

Coba Ruins Mexico

The Ancient Mayan Ruins of Coba

Coba, Mexico

From the top of Coba’s ancient pyramid, the jungle looks like a living green carpet. The Mayan Ruins of Coba are one of my favorite archaeological sites in Mexico’s Yucatan.

Archaeologists believe the Mayan ruins of Coba were an incredibly important city for the Maya people. However due to its remote location, the site is not as popular with tourists as other ruins in Mexico.

But there are many reasons to visit the city of white roads.

Because Coba doesn’t see as much tourism as places like Chichen Itza or Tulum, so you can actually still climb some of the structures for a totally different and unique perspective.

Coba Ruins Church

La Iglesia Structure

Coba Ruins Bike

Rent a Bicycle to Ride the Sacbes

Coba Ruins Trees

Overgrown Ancient Ruins

Exploring Mayan Ruins Of Coba

Coba’s claim to fame is the largest network of stone causeways in the ancient Mayan world, called sacbes (white roads). Over 50 of these roads have been discovered at the site, with 16 of them open to the public.

The raised stone pathways connect clusters of residential areas to the main pyramid area of Nohoch Mul and small lakes used as a water supply nearby. There are three ways to explore the ruins along these roads.

You can walk, hire a bici taxi, or my personal favorite, rent a bicycle.

Mysteriously no one really knows how the Maya transported goods along these roads. While scientists believe the Maya knew about the existence of the wheel, there’s no evidence they actually used them.

One of my favorite reasons to visit Coba is that it isn’t as excavated as other sites, so you feel like you’re wandering through a forest, with many structures still covered in trees.

Nohoch Mul Coba

Ixmoja Pyramid (Nohoch Mul Group)

Coba Ruins Pyramid

Climbing the Pyramid

Coba Ruins Pyramid

View from the Top

Climbing The Pyramid

The largest pyramid at Coba is called Ixmoja, part of the Nohoch Mul group of buildings. The pyramid is 42 meters (138 feet) tall and was the heart of the city. Unlike other Maya sites, you can still climb this one, if you dare!

The 120 stone steps are much steeper than they look…

This is why there’s a thick rope in the middle for safety. But the view from the top is totally worth the climb. A light breeze cools you off from the summit while gazing at the lush jungle landscape stretching out in all directions.

Plus, there aren’t many places where you can climb a Mayan pyramid anymore. As a site gets more popular and tourism increases, authorities eventually restrict climbing to preserve structures and reduce accidents.

Be careful climbing down the pyramid, it’s more difficult than going up!

Coba Structures Mexico

Coba is a Huge Site

Coba Trails

Trees Growing from Walls

Painting Complex Coba

Pyramid of the Painted Lintel

History Of Coba

Coba is estimated to have had a population of over 50,000 at its peak. There are many tall stone carved monuments at the complex, called stelae. Some stelae here depict women, suggesting the city had many female rulers.

There are two well-preserved ball courts on the site too, used for playing ōllamaliztli, a traditional Mayan ballgame.

Specific rules differ depending on the time period, but basically players attempted to bounce a heavy rubber ball through stone rings using their hips.

Sometimes the captain of the losing team was ritually sacrificed.

The Mayan City of Coba was first inhabited around 100 AD and was eventually abandoned when the Spanish conquered the peninsula around 1550 AD. However the city was once the most powerful in the region, controlling farmland, trading routes, and important water sources.

Coba Cenote Mexico

Beautiful Cenote Choo-Ha

Coba Cenote Swimming

Tranquil Cenote Multun-Ha

Swimming In Cenotes

Speaking of water sources, no visit to Coba would be complete without taking a dip in the refreshing limestone cenotes nearby. Cenotes are underground sinkholes filled with fresh water, found all over the Yucatan.

There are 3 cenotes just a 10 minute drive away from the ruins.

Cenote Choo-Ha is a shallow water cenote with crystal blue water and many stalagmites hanging from the ceiling. My personal favorite of the three.

Cenote Tamcach-Ha is a deep underground cavern with two fun jumping platforms at 5 & 10 meters (15 & 30 feet) high. Cenote Multun-Ha is a bit further away in the jungle and boasts a large wooden deck.

The entrance fee for each cenote is 55 pesos ($3 USD). They are a wonderful way to cool off after a hot day exploring the Mayan ruins of Coba!

Motorcycle Road Trip Coba

Renting Harley’s in Mexico

Motorcycle Road Trip Coba

Cruising the Riviera Maya on Motorcycles

Tips For Visiting Coba

The ruins of Coba are about 44 kilometers (28 miles) from Tulum, or 109 kilometers (68 miles) from Playa del Carmen. For the budget minded, you can get to the site via ADO Bus from Cancun, Playa del Carmen, or Tulum. Colectivos (public taxi vans) are also an option, however you’ll have to change vans in Tulum.

Renting a car is the most flexible and allows you to visit cenotes.

Or, if you’re a fan of motorcycles, you can rent a Harley Davidson in Playa del Carmen like I did with my friends Evelina from Earth Wanderess & Jeremy from The World Or Bust. The road is an easy and smooth ride.

At the ruins you can hire a guide to explain the history, or just wander on your own. Renting an old bicycle for 45 pesos and riding around enables you to see the most in the shortest period of time.

Whatever you decide, remember to bring sunscreen & water because it can get hot! Plus sturdy shoes if you plan to climb the main pyramid. ★

Watch Video: Mayan Ruins Of Coba

(Click to watch Mayan Ruins Of Coba – Mexico on YouTube)

More Information

Location: Coba, Mexico [Map]
Total Cost: 65 pesos ($4 USD) entry fee
Motorcycle Rental: Harley Adventures
Useful Notes: It gets hot during the day at Coba, so visiting early morning or late afternoon is best. Less people too. You can explore on foot but I highly recommend renting a bicycle. The complex is very large!
Recommended Guidebook: Lonely Planet Yucatan
Suggested Reading: The Maya: Ancient Peoples & Places

READ NEXT: Things To Do In Playa Del Carmen

Have you ever visited the Mayan ruins of Coba before?

Disclosure: Some of the links in this post are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers.


Hi, I'm Matthew Karsten — I’ve been traveling around the world for over 5 years. Adventure travel & photography are my passions. Let me inspire you to travel more with crazy stories, photography, and useful tips from my travel adventures. Join thousands who receive exclusive email updates and click the green button below...

Comments & Questions


  1. Lecia
    August 24, 2016

    Great post! Are there limited hours of operation and entrance fees required? We are looking for a cool spot for night photography. Also, is it safe at night?

  2. Evelina Utterdahl
    July 20, 2016

    That day was really the best possible way to kick off my central american trip :D

    Aaah, cannot wait to go back in December. Gonna have to grill you about all the best cenotes..

  3. Troy
    April 25, 2016

    Matt: I figured you got comped on the motorcycles but what is the day rate for one there? When I went there and visited the ruins I wished I had some kind of transport myself, as I just hired a taxi driver for the day to take me to the ones I wanted to see. It was about $40 and I picked 3-4 cenotes and ruins.

    Or even better a moped, which I assume will be cheaper. Loved doing that while in India because I could get a moped with fuel for about $5-$7 USD per-day.

    • Matthew Karsten
      April 26, 2016

      The Sportster Jeremy is riding was $95 per day. But if you just want transportation on a budget, you can rent a small car down here with insurance for about $30 per day through Orbitz. I think mopeds cost like $25 a day, but they’re better for around town. Generally not fast enough for the highway.

  4. James Johnson
    April 23, 2016

    Hey Matt,

    How much are you looking at for bike rental around there? Love getting in the saddle on excursions like this!


    • Matthew Karsten
      April 24, 2016

      The bikes cost 45 pesos (about $2.50 USD) to rent. They are totally worth the price, it’s a lot of walking otherwise.

      • James Johnson
        April 27, 2016

        Think I’ll manage to swing $2.50 to save my legs! Added to my list for when I head out there :)

  5. Izy berry
    April 20, 2016

    Incredible experience Mayan ruins are stunning I have the opportunity this year to know the ruins of Peten Guatemala

  6. Christian Schoen
    April 16, 2016

    Matthew, that’s a nice post about this amazing location. Cobá is worth to visit if you are doing vacation at the Mayan riviera. I’ve been there a couple of years before and saw that many people had problems to get down again. Good shows are recommended. Other pyramids to climb can be found in Ek Balam, north of Valladolid and in Toniná in Chiapas. And some of the pyramids in Tikal (on wooden stairs at the side) and Palenque are open to climb up as well.

  7. Jason
    April 11, 2016

    Great pictures and info. The Mayan ruins are a place I’ve always wanted to visit, now more so!

  8. Sainath@Musafir
    March 29, 2016

    Wow!!! This one is surely in my Bucket list for this year. The way you have put the post makes me go there this moment. And the images are so gorgeous and eye pleasing. From the images I feel climbing the Pyramid won’t be troublesome, descending from the same route would be a humongous task.

  9. David
    March 18, 2016

    What a great adventure, we did these ruins years ago! It would be something to see if things have changed at Coba. In your photos everything looks the same. Travel on!

    • Matthew Karsten
      March 20, 2016

      This is why I enjoy the ruins of Coba so much, they haven’t been completely excavated. Did you make it to any of the cenotes David?

  10. Gaurav
    March 17, 2016

    A history buff would surely like to do that some day, the crystal clear cave water looks amazing.

  11. Laura @Travelocafe
    March 16, 2016

    The Mayan ruins are still uncrossed on my bucket list. Very interesting. Thank you very much for the info. I love the photos, too.

  12. amy
    March 15, 2016

    Wow! What an amazing experience!

  13. Sheri
    March 15, 2016

    I remember learning about Coba in school. Glad to see you can still climb it. I’ll have to check it out next time I’m in Mexico. Nice article and photos as usual!

    • Matthew Karsten
      March 20, 2016

      Thanks Sheri, yeah I hope they don’t close off the pyramid at Coba anytime soon. Really helps make the site unique to other Mayan ruins.

  14. Ian
    March 11, 2016

    Wow. Superb Photos..

  15. Ashley
    March 11, 2016

    This is great – I love the photos! I’m excited to visit my first Mayan ruins this year – Tikal. I figure its a great place to start. Those cenotes though, WOW.

    • Matthew Karsten
      March 11, 2016

      Nice! I never made it to Tikal, but the photos look incredible. Have fun Ashley!

  16. MamaMia
    March 10, 2016

    I love the first photo-the sky is SO blue!! Great video, too! Is this where you took Lindsay and Jake on their Adventure Day?

  17. Tim
    March 10, 2016

    That looks amazing, I didn’t realize that it was forbidden to climb the other pyramids in the more popular destinations. Coba looks like a beautiful abandoned city, it seems easy to imagine it as a once bustling Mayan hub.

    • Matthew Karsten
      March 10, 2016

      Not all of them, but many are starting to get closed to climbing. In fact I’ve heard that the government wants to close off this pyramid eventually too.

      • James McCabe
        March 10, 2016

        Until I asked Matt on FB, I had thought it was closed. Was there in 2008 and was told that was the last year they would allow it.


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